The hardneck type of garlic stores well and comes in a variety colours and flavours. Garlic needs a sunny location, rich in humus. 'Scapes' – garlic's shoots that appear in spring – must be cut, and are a food delicacy in their own right. This article takes you through clove selection, planting, caring and harvesting garlic.

Growing garlic at a glance

Garlic is planted in autumn and harvested the next summer. Garlic needs an extended cold period so the clove can grow into a new bulb.

Each clove produces a new head. As not all cloves will sprout, figure in up to 15% extra when planting.

Large, healthy-looking cloves are best for planting. Garlic from a supermarket is not suitable for planting. It might be treated, or it could have been grown in a different climate than your own. Use special planting garlic from a nursery or garden centre, or get untreated garlic at a reliable local source.

Garlic needs a sunny location with loose, well-drained soil rich in organic matter and compost.

As a member of the onion family, garlic should not be grown in an area where its fellow crop family members - onion, leek, shallots or spring onions - were grown the year before.

Garlic is a good repellent against many pests and thus an ideal companion plant for most vegetables, with the exception of beans, peas, parsley and sage, which do not grow well near garlic.

Watch the video: When to Harvest Garlic (January 2022).